US-based corporations Fb and YouTube are permitting themselves to change into instruments of Vietnam’s “industrial-scale” try to censor info and harass authorities critics, in an “alarming sign” of how expertise giants more and more function in repressive nations, Amnesty Worldwide mentioned.

In a report revealed on Tuesday, Amnesty additionally mentioned that the Vietnamese authorities’s efforts to silence dissent have resulted within the imprisonment of a “record number” of activists who’re serving jail time for his or her on-line work.

Thus far, there are about 170 “prisoners of conscience” within the nation, 69 of them due to the “criminalisation” of their on-line work, the human rights group mentioned.

The 78-page Amnesty report paperwork the “systematic repression” of peaceable on-line expression within the Southeast Asian nation, together with the widespread “geo-blocking” of content material seen as crucial of the authorities.

Teams affiliated with the federal government are additionally accused of utilizing the identical on-line platform to focus on and harass customers into silence and worry together with, Force 47, a 10,000-strong battalion of “cyber-armies” that helps implement the nation’s legal guidelines on on-line behaviour.

The Amnesty report is predicated on dozens of interviews with human rights defenders and activists, together with former prisoners of conscience, attorneys, journalists and writers, along with info offered by Fb and Google.

Looking grounds for censors

“In the last decade, the right to freedom of expression flourished on Facebook and YouTube in Vietnam. More recently, however, authorities began focusing on peaceful online expression as an existential threat to the regime,” mentioned Ming Yu Hah, Amnesty Deputy Regional Director for Campaigns.

“Today these platforms have become hunting grounds for censors, military cyber-troops and state-sponsored trolls. The platforms themselves are not merely letting it happen – they are increasingly complicit.”

The most recent Amnesty report mentioned on-line platforms in Vietnam have more and more change into searching grounds for censors, army cybertroops and state-sponsored trolls [File: Nhac Nguyen/AFP]

Final April, for instance, after Fb introduced its new coverage relating to compliance with native legal guidelines, Vietnamese land rights activists Trinh Ba Phuong and Trinh Ba Tu reported that each one the content material they’d shared about “land grabbing” in Dong Tam had all of the sudden disappeared from their timeline with out notification.

Two months later, the 2 have been arrested and charged with “making, storing, distributing or disseminating information, documents and items against the Socialist Republic of Vietnam”.

They’re at present in detention and their Fb accounts have disappeared since their arrests, “under unknown circumstances”, Amnesty mentioned.

‘Losing faith’

In one other incident in Could, Nguyen Van Trang, a pro-democracy activist now searching for asylum in Thailand, mentioned that Fb notified him that one in every of his posts had been restricted citing “local legal restrictions” in Vietnam.

Since then, Fb has blocked every bit of content material he has tried to submit containing the names of senior members of Vietnam’s Communist Get together.

Amnesty identified that in some instances, customers see their content material censored below “vaguely worded” legal guidelines, together with offences akin to “abusing democratic freedoms” below Vietnam’s Legal Code.

The rights watchdog says these legal guidelines are “inconsistent” with Vietnam’s obligations below worldwide human rights regulation.

“I have lost faith in Facebook, so I don’t post much anymore,” Nguyen Van Trang mentioned, including that he has had an analogous expertise on YouTube, though he has been given the choice to enchantment.

“Imagine if you spent years and years growing your Facebook account, posting and writing about your passions for democracy, but then in one easy act, Facebook just erases all the work you have done over the years.”

Raking in earnings

Fb is the most well-liked and worthwhile platform in Vietnam, in accordance with Amnesty.

In 2018, Fb’s earnings from Vietnam neared $1bn – nearly one-third of all its income from Southeast Asia.

In the meantime, Google, which owns YouTube, raked in $475m throughout the identical interval, primarily from internet advertising, the human rights group mentioned.

“The size of these profits underlines the importance for Facebook and Google of maintaining market access in Vietnam,” Amnesty famous.

Almost 40 p.c of Fb’s day by day lively customers and almost 43 p.c of its day by day month-to-month customers have been within the Asia Pacific, in accordance with Fb’s most up-to-date earnings report, though at $3.67 income per consumer was a fraction of the quantity in North America and Europe.


Amnesty mentioned the tech giants have a duty to respect all human rights wherever they function, Amnesty mentioned.

“They should respect the right to freedom of expression in their content moderation decisions globally, regardless of local laws that muzzle freedom of expression,” it added, because it known as for an overhaul of content material moderation insurance policies that align with worldwide human rights requirements.

In October, Fb launched an oversight physique to handle the problem of censorship, however Amnesty says the rules “will prevent it from reviewing the company’s censorship actions pursuant to local law” in nations akin to Vietnam.

YouTube says it abides with the native legal guidelines of every nation. Al Jazeera has requested Fb, YouTube and its dad or mum firm, Google, for touch upon Amnesty’s report.

Amnesty additionally appealed on to the Vietnamese authorities to chorus from “weaponising” the social media platforms and cease punishing folks for exercising their proper to freedom of expression.

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